The enthalpy of calcite has been measured directly between 973 K and 1325 K by transposed-temperature- drop calorimetry. The excess enthalpy has been analysed in terms of Landau theory for this tricritical phase transition. The zero-point enthalpy and entropy allow estimates of the parameters a and C in the Landau expansion for free energy which expresses excess free energy ΔG as a function of the order parameter Q and temperature T: ΔG 1/2a(T2c-T)Q2+1/6C Q6 with a=24 J·Kℒ·mol-1, C = 30 kJ·mol-Tc = 1260 ±5 K. The entropy of disorder below the transition has been formulated as a function of temperature allowing the calculation of the calcite/aragonite phase boundary when taking this extra entropy into account. There is remarkable agreement between the calculated equilibrium curve and previous experimental observations. The Landau theory predicts behaviour which fully accounts for the change in slope of the calcite/aragonite phase boundary, which is thus wholly due to the R-3c -R-3m transition in calcite.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology