Heterogeneity of ATP-hydrolyzing sites on reconstituted CF0F1

Petra Fromme, Peter Gräber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The proton translocating ATP-synthase from chloroplasts, CF0F1, was isolated and reconstituted into asolectin liposomes. [γ-32P]ATP hydrolysis was measured under uni-site conditions. When 1 mM unlabeled ATP was added so that all ATP-binding sites were occupied, [γ-32P]ATP bound to the first site, was hydrolyzed with a rate of 0.5 ATP/(CF0F1 s). In a second experiment, first cold ATP was hydrolyzed under uni-site conditions and then 1 mM [γ-32P]ATP was added. This allows under otherwise identical conditions the measurement of the rate of ATP hydrolysis catalyzed by the second (and possibly third) site. It resulted in a rate of 80 ATP/(CF0F1 s). It is concluded that the catalytic nucleotide binding sites are heterogeneous: there exists one nucleotide binding site which hydrolyzes ATP with a maximal turnover of 0.5/s and another one (or two) which hydrolyze ATP with a turnover of 80/s. The latter one is the catalytic site for maximal turnover.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-36
Number of pages4
JournalFEBS Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 18 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • ATPase, H-
  • CFF
  • Chloroplast
  • Nucleotide binding site
  • Reconstitution
  • Uni-site catalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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