Helicopter Parenting and Young Adults’ Well-Being: A Comparison Between United States and Finland

Ming Cui, Hille Janhonen-Abruquah, Carol A. Darling, Fiorella L. Carlos Chavez, Päivi Palojoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Helicopter parenting, defined as a form of overinvolved parenting of young adult children, is shown to be associated with young adult children’s well-being. Furthermore, the phenomenon of helicopter parenting is increasingly evident across various cultures. In this study, the association between helicopter parenting and young adult children’s well-being problems was examined, and the associations were compared between samples of American and Finnish young adults. With a sample of 441 American and 306 Finnish university students, results from path models suggested that maternal and paternal helicopter parenting was associated with university students’ symptoms of anxiety and depression, life dissatisfaction, and emotional dysregulation. Furthermore, even though the mean levels of helicopter parenting were lower among Finnish parents as compared with American parents, the associations between helicopter parenting and young adults’ well-being problems were, in general, equally significant. The implications for university students, parents of students, educators, and university administrators from different cultural backgrounds were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-427
Number of pages18
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Finland
  • United States
  • helicopter parenting
  • well-being
  • young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)


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