Health behavior models in the age of mobile interventions: Are our theories up to the task?

William T. Riley, Daniel Rivera, Audie A. Atienza, Wendy Nilsen, Susannah M. Allison, Robin Mermelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

726 Scopus citations


Mobile technologies are being used to deliver health behavior interventions. The study aims to determine how health behavior theories are applied to mobile interventions. This is a review of the theoretical basis and interactivity of mobile health behavior interventions. Many of the mobile health behavior interventions reviewed were predominately one way (i. e., mostly data input or informational output), but some have leveraged mobile technologies to provide just-in-time, interactive, and adaptive interventions. Most smoking and weight loss studies reported a theoretical basis for the mobile intervention, but most of the adherence and disease management studies did not. Mobile health behavior intervention development could benefit from greater application of health behavior theories. Current theories, however, appear inadequate to inform mobile intervention development as these interventions become more interactive and adaptive. Dynamic feedback system theories of health behavior can be developed utilizing longitudinal data from mobile devices and control systems engineering models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-71
Number of pages19
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • Adherence
  • Chronic disease management
  • Control systems engineering
  • Dynamical systems
  • Handheld computers
  • Health behavior interventions
  • Health behavior theory
  • Mobile phones
  • Smoking cessation
  • Weight management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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