H-T phase diagram for spin-glasses: An experimental study of Ag:Mn

R. V. Chamberlin, M. Hardiman, L. A. Turkevich, R. Orbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

179 Scopus citations


We present high-resolution SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) measurements of the dc magnetization on two Ag:Mn samples containing 2.6 and 4.0 at.% Mn. We have measured in detail the temperature dependence of the magnetization on warming through the glass temperature, TG, (i) after cooling to T<TG in a near-zero field and then applying the measurement field, zero-field cooled, and (ii) after cooling to T<TG in the measurement field. This has been done for fields 0.5H500 Oe. The temperature derivative, dM (H,T)dT, of the ZFC curve shows structure, allowing the identification of several characteristic temperatures associated with the paramagnetic to spin-glass transition in the presence of an external magnetic field. The temperature, TB, where the crossover from a Curie-like to a nonlinear susceptibility occurs, behaves as H0.5±0.1. Two further temperatures, T» and TP, where T»<TP<TG0(H'0) are suggested as possible candidates for the theoretical-field-dependent transition temperature TG(H) given by {1-[TG(H)TG0]}=Ah23 where h=HJ=g1/4BHkBTG0 and A is of order unity. We find {1-[T»(H)TG0]}=Bh0.70±0.05, but where B is approximately (19)2/3. However, the TP data are consistent with the theoretical prediction (A1) using no adjustable parameters, but the range of data is insufficient to enable an unambiguous verification of the theory. On the basis of recent theories, we suggest that the system entering the spin-glass phase at TG(H) should be marked experimentally by dc=MHstatic>ac(1/2,Hosc,Hstatic) where M is the magnetization, Hstatic the magnitude of the dc field, Hosc the amplitude of the ac oscillating field, and 1/2 its frequency. This argument leads us to conclude that TP(H) should be taken as the experimental definition of TG(H).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6720-6729
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'H-T phase diagram for spin-glasses: An experimental study of Ag:Mn'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this