H2O, CO2, Cl, and gas in Plinian and ash-flow Bishop rhyolite

A. T. Anderson, S. Newman, S. N. Williams, T. H. Druitt, C. Skirius, E. Stolper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

223 Scopus citations


Infrared spectroscopic (H2O and CO2) and electron microprobe (Cl) analyses of glass inclusions in Plinian and ash-flow quartz phenocrysts from the Bishop Tuff reveal the preeruption concentrations of volatiles in separate parts of the body of magma. There is an inverse relation between H2O and CO2 that can be explained 1) by closed-system, gas-saturated crystallization of parent magma to yield Plinian magma + (lost) crystals or 2) by the rise of CO2-rich bubbles through water-rich magma. Our estimated pressures of gas-saturation range from about 1.6kbar (Plinian) to 2.3kbar (ash flow) and accord with geologic evidence for 3km of magma withdrawal and caldera subsidence. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-225
Number of pages5
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


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