Governing innovation in U.S. state government: An ecosystem perspective

Gregory S. Dawson, James S. Denford, Kevin C. Desouza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


In the public sector, the strategic quest for IT-based innovation often starts by hiring a successful private sector CIO and hoping his or her prior experience will transfer. However this often ignores the existence and influence of other entities and IT governance structures that form the innovation ecosystem. Applying the legal view of agency theory to the U.S. state innovation ecosystem and using a crisp-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (csQCA) approach, we investigate factors that are associated with public sector IT-based innovation. We find that CIO characteristics, structural oversight mechanisms, CIO relationships with authorities, and the state environment combine to form configurations that lead to both high and low performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-318
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Strategic Information Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Chief Information Officers
  • Ecosystem
  • IT governance
  • Legal view of agency theory
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management


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