Goal setting in teams: The impact of learning and performance goals on process and performance

Jennifer Craig, D. Scott DeRue, John R. Hollenbeck, Matthias Spitzmuller, Dustin K. Jundt, Daniel R. Ilgen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This study examined the impact of three alternative types of goals (specific learning, general "do your best" learning, and specific performance) on team performance. Eighty-four-person teams engaged in an interdependent command and control simulation in which the team goal and task complexity were manipulated. Contrary to research at the individual level, teams with specific learning goals performed worse than did teams with general "do your best" learning goals or specific performance goals. The negative effects of specific learning goals relative to general "do your best" learning goals and specific performance goals were amplified under conditions of increased task complexity and were explained by the amount of coordination in the teams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • Goal-setting
  • Team performance
  • Team processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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