Gender and Risk Assessment in Juvenile Offenders: A Meta-Analysis

Natasha Pusch, Kristy Reisig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Although young males are still the primary perpetrators of juvenile crime, the percentage of girls experiencing criminal justice system contact has risen. To identify effective interventions and address public concerns regarding juvenile crime, scholars and practitioners have assessed recidivism risk using tools such as the Youth Level of Service (YLS) Inventory. While the appropriateness of using gender-neutral tools to assess female criminality in adult correctional populations has been debated, mixed findings regarding juvenile risk-assessment tools have not provided definitive answers. To address these concerns, separate meta-analyses were conducted for male and female juvenile offenders. Specifically, mean effect sizes were compared to determine whether predictive validity varies by sex. Results largely indicate that the YLS/Case Management Inventory (CMI) works equally well for a variety of subgroups, including recidivism type, recidivism outcome, geographical location, and sample characteristics. The implications of these findings for theory, research, and correctional policy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-81
Number of pages26
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • gender
  • juvenile corrections
  • meta-analyses
  • recidivism
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Gender and Risk Assessment in Juvenile Offenders: A Meta-Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this