## Abstract

A graph is fully gated when every convex set of vertices is gated. Doignon posed the problem of characterizing fully gated graphs and in particular of deciding whether there is an efficient algorithm for their recognition. While the number of convex sets can be exponential, we establish that it suffices to examine only the convex hulls of pairs of vertices. This yields an elementary polynomial time algorithm for the recognition of fully gated graphs; however, it does not appear to lead to a simple structural characterization. In this direction, we establish that fully gated graphs are closed under a set of 'convex' operations, including a new operation which duplicates the vertices of a convex set (under some well-defined restrictions). This in turn establishes that every bipartite graph is an isometric subgraph of a fully gated graph, thereby severely limiting the potential for a characterization based on subgraphs. Finally, a large class of fully gated graphs is obtained using the presence of bipartite dominators, which suggests that simple convex operations cannot suffice to produce all fully gated graphs.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 5184-5195 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Discrete Mathematics |

Volume | 308 |

Issue number | 22 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Nov 28 2008 |

## Keywords

- Convex subgraph
- Fully gated graph
- Gated graph
- Isometric embedding
- Median graph

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics