Free recall dynamics in value-directed remembering

Aikaterini Stefanidi, Derek M. Ellis, Gene Brewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


An emerging literature on value-directed remembering has shown that people are able to encode and remember information that is more important. Researchers operationalize importance by differentially assigning value to the memoranda that participants are asked to encode and remember. In the present investigation, a slightly altered value-directed-remembering paradigm was used to investigate how value modifies the dynamics of memory organization and search in free recall. In Experiment 1, free recall dynamics were compared between a control and a value condition. In Experiment 2, we manipulated the order of presentation of the values by adding an ascending and a descending condition where values were presented congruently or incongruently with the evolution of temporal context. Experiments 3 and 4 paralleled Experiments 1 and 2 respectively, with the addition of overt rehearsal and an unexpected memory test for the numbers/values. Overall, the results indicated that value-directed encoding has an influence on measures of delayed free recall encoding, organization, and search processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-31
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
StatePublished - Jun 2018


  • Dynamics of free recall
  • Episodic memory
  • Free recall
  • Memory search
  • Value-directed remembering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'Free recall dynamics in value-directed remembering'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this