Forgiveness, apology, and communicative responses to hurtful events

Guy Foster Bachman, Laura Guerrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


Data from 263 individuals who had been hurt by something a dating partner said or did offered support for the interpersonal forgiveness model - forgiveness associated positively with integrative communication and negatively with de-escalation and distributive communication. When hurt individuals believed the partner had sincerely apologized they were more likely to grant forgiveness and report using the direct strategies of integrative and distributive communication, and less likely to report using de-escalation and loyalty. Among the various hurtful events investigated, breaking up with the partner and being sexually unfaithful were reportedly the least forgivable offenses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-56
Number of pages12
JournalCommunication Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2006


  • Apology
  • Communicative Responses
  • Forgiveness
  • Hurtful Events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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