Flexible Operation of Batteries in Power System Scheduling with Renewable Energy

Nan Li, Canan Uckun, Emil M. Constantinescu, John R. Birge, Kory Hedman, Audun Botterud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

180 Scopus citations


The fast growing expansion of renewable energy increases the complexities in balancing generation and demand in the power system. The energy-shifting and fast-ramping capability of energy storage has led to increasing interests in batteries to facilitate the integration of renewable resources. In this paper, we present a two-step framework to evaluate the potential value of energy storage in power systems with renewable generation. First, we formulate a stochastic unit commitment approach with wind power forecast uncertainty and energy storage. Second, the solution from the stochastic unit commitment is used to derive a flexible schedule for energy storage in economic dispatch where the look-ahead horizon is limited. Analysis is conducted on the IEEE 24-bus system to demonstrate the benefits of battery storage in systems with renewable resources and the effectiveness of the proposed battery operation strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7355371
Pages (from-to)685-696
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2016


  • Battery
  • Stochastic unit commitment
  • economic dispatch
  • energy storage
  • flexible resources
  • integer programming
  • power system economics
  • power system reliability
  • real-time operation
  • renewable resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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