Flamelet modeling of lifted turbulent methane/air and propane/air jet diffusion flames

M. Chen, M. Herrmann, N. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


The stabilization mechanism of lifted turbulent jet diffusion flames is a test problem for models of partially premixed turbulent combustion. In these flames, combustion processes occur in both the nonpremixed and the premixed mode. For the flame stabilization process, however, flame propagation of the premixed branches seems to play a crucial role. In this paper, a flamelet model for partially premixed turbulent combustion is presented that combines flamelet models for non-premixed and premixed combustion. A new model for the turbulent burning velocity in partially premixed flows is proposed. It is based on a formulation for a conditional turbulent burning velocity which depends on mixture fraction. The effect of partially premixing is taken into account by using the presumed probability density function (pdf) approach in terms of the mixture fraction. Mean scalar quantities on both sides of the premixed flame front are calculated in the same way. From a computational point of view, the model has the advantage that the calculation of the chemical processes can be decoupled from the flow calculation, allowing for simulations of realistic configurations, yet retaining detailed chemistry. The model is used to simulate the stabilization process of turbulent methane/air and propane/air jet diffusion flames. The calculated lift-off heights compare favorably with experimental data from various authors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-174
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2004Jul 30 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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