Field-ion microscopy of liquid-metal gallium

Toshio Sakurai, R. J. Culbertson, G. H. Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Ionization of liquid gallium coated on a tungsten field-ion tip was investigated using a magnetic-sector atom probe. For the first time, both the energy distribution of ionized Ga and its critical energy deficit with respect to a tip potential were measured as a function of field and tip temperature. Without heating the gallium, a stable Ga+ ion current of up to 10 μA was obtained from a small surface area of a tip with an energy distribution of less than 12 eV FWHM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-13
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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