Female subsistence strategies among Ache hunter-gatherers of Eastern Paraguay

Ana Magdalena Hurtado, Kristen Hawkes, Kim Hill, Hillard Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

179 Scopus citations


Anthropologists have frequently proposed that sexual division of labor is produced by childcare constraints on women's subsistence work. We present data on the forest activities of Ache women that show that differences in parental investment partially account for variation in food acquisition among individual women. Data also suggest that childcare constraints are important in understanding the sexual division of labor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalHuman Ecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1985
Externally publishedYes


  • childcare
  • hunter-gatherers
  • sexual division of labor
  • subsistence work
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Anthropology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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