Feeling Good, Happy, and Proud: A Meta-Analysis of Positive Ethnic-Racial Affect and Adjustment

Deborah Rivas-Drake, Moin Syed, Adriana Umaña-Taylor, Carol Markstrom, Sabine French, Seth J. Schwartz, Richard Lee, William E. Cross, George P. Knight, Stephen M. Quintana, Eleanor Seaton, Robert M. Sellers, Tiffany Yip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

268 Scopus citations


One point of intersection in ethnic and racial identity research is the conceptual attention paid to how positively youth feel about their ethnicity or race, or positive ethnic-racial affect. This article reports results of a series of meta-analyses based on 46 studies of this dimension and psychosocial, academic, and health risk outcomes among ethnic and racial minority youth. The overall pattern of results suggests that positive ethnic-racial affect exhibited small to medium associations (r range = |.11| to |.37|) with depressive symptoms, positive social functioning, self-esteem, well-being, internalizing, externalizing, academic achievement, academic attitudes, and health risk outcomes. Implications for theory and research about the role of positive ethnic-racial affect among youth growing up in an increasingly diverse society are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-102
Number of pages26
JournalChild development
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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