Federal funding and R&D output in U.S. industrial laboratories

Albert N. Link, Barry Bozeman, Michael M. Crow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The factors associated with inter-R&D laboratory differences in output from the R&D process are investigated with emphasis on the influence of federal R&D on the composition of this output. An attempt is made to describe the various categories of innovative output characterizing industrial R&D and to investigate factors affecting the distribution of these activities among industrial R&D laboratories. It is shown that federal R&D allocations significantly redirect a laboratory's output, skewing it toward activities with public-good characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-157
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Issue numbern
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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