Fast eigen-functions tracking on dynamic graphs

Chen Chen, Hanghang Tong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

32 Scopus citations


Many important graph parameters can be expressed as eigen-functions of its adjacency matrix. Examples include epidemic threshold, graph robustness, etc. It is often of key importance to accurately monitor these parameters. For example, knowing that Ebola virus has already been brought to the US continent, to avoid the virus from spreading away, it is important to know which emerging connections among related people would cause great reduction on the epidemic threshold of the network. However, most, if not all, of the existing algorithms computing these measures assume that the input graph is static, despite the fact that almost all real graphs are evolving over time. In this paper, we propose two online algorithms to track the eigen-functions of a dynamic graph with linear complexity wrt the number of nodes and number of changed edges in the graph. The key idea is to leverage matrix perturbation theory to efficiently update the top eigen-pairs of the underlying graph without recomputing them from scratch at each time stamp. Experiment results demonstrate that our methods can reach up to 20 x speedup with precision more than 80% for fairly long period of time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2015, SDM 2015
EditorsSuresh Venkatasubramanian, Jieping Ye
PublisherSociety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781510811522
StatePublished - 2015
EventSIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2015, SDM 2015 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Apr 30 2015May 2 2015

Publication series

NameSIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2015, SDM 2015


OtherSIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2015, SDM 2015


  • Attribution analysis
  • Connectivity
  • Dynamic graph
  • Graph spectrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Software


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