Farm income variability and the supply of off-farm labor

Ashok K. Mishra, Barry K. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations


If farmers are risk averse, greater farm income variability should increase off-farm labor supply. This effect is confirmed for a sample of Kansas farmers. Off-farm employment of farmers and their spouses is also found to be significantly influenced by farm experience, off-farm work experience, farm size, leverage, efficiency, and farm-specific education. In addition, farm operators and spouses who receive significant income support through government farm programs are less likely to work off the farm. This may suggest that policy changes reducing farm income support payments may increase off-farm employment of farmers and their spouses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-887
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Income variability
  • Off-farm labor supply
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Farm income variability and the supply of off-farm labor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this