Family and neighborhood fit or misfit and the adaptation of Mexican Americans

Mark W. Roosa, Scott R. Weaver, Rebecca White, Jenn-Yun Tein, George P. Knight, Nancy Gonzales, Delia Saenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


In this study, a person-environment fit model was used to understand the independent and combined roles of family and neighborhood characteristics on the adjustment of adults and children in a sample of 750 Mexican American families. Latent class analysis was used to identify six qualitatively distinct family types and three quantitatively distinct neighborhood types using socioeconomic and cultural indicators at each level. The results showed that members of single-parent Mexican American families may be particularly at-risk, members of the lowest-income immigrant families reported fewer adaptation problems if they lived in low-income neighborhoods dominated by immigrants, members of economically successful immigrant families may be more at-risk in integrated middle class neighborhoods than in low-income neighborhoods dominated by immigrants, and members of two-parent immigrant families appear to be rather resilient in most settings despite their low socioeconomic status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-27
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of community psychology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Family
  • Goodness of fit
  • Mental health
  • Mexican American
  • Neighborhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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