Factors that influence monitoring and resource provision among nonprofit board members

William A. Brown, Amy Hillman, Morris A. Okun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


This article explores antecedents of nonprofit directors' self-reported confidence and participation in two board functions: monitoring (executive performance appraisal, selection, fiscal operations, and implementation of strategy) and the provision of resources (advice and counsel, fundraising, and ties to external constituents). We propose that board member's experience and background in conjunction with other factors such as commitment to the mission, a sense of community with other board members, and training will influence confidence and participation in board functions. Data were collected via a survey from 591 board members in 64 different nonprofit organizations. Regression analyses showed that gender, experience as a nonprofit board member, service on other nonprofit boards, mission attachment, and training were the most consistent predictors of confidence and participation in board activities. Implications are noted for enhancing the contribution of board members to nonprofit organizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-156
Number of pages12
JournalNonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2012


  • board performance
  • boards of directors
  • commitment
  • nonprofit governance
  • volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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