Fabrication of vertically aligned N-doped carbon nanotube arrays on vermiculite by horizonal chemical vapor deposition

Xiao Di Wang, Ping Wu, Peng Liao, Pei Pei Hou, Zhi Liu, Zheling Zeng, Shuguang Deng, Gui Ping Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Efficient synthesis of large-scale vertically aligned nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube arrays (VA-NCNTs) has always been a challenge. In this study, we proposed a facile way to obtain mass VA-NCNTs between vermiculite layers by horizonal chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Vermiculite with layered compound as the catalyst substrate, Fe and Mo as the active metal phase is evenly distributed between the vermiculite layers, melamine is pyrolyzed as a single source for both carbon and nitrogen to synthesize nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube (CNT) array materials with relatively uniform length and diameter at an optimum temperature of 800 °C. We explored the effect of temperature on synthesis of VA-NCNTs, the results indicated that the VA-NCNTs are sensitive to temperature changes during the CVD synthesis process, the arrangement, diameter, nitrogen content, and the type of nitrogen function of CNTs could be modified. This work contributes to the study of how the growth temperature affecting the morphology of the as-prepared CNTs, and provides a potential method for the controllable mass production of oriented NCNTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-211
Number of pages10
JournalFullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2020


  • Aligned N-doped CNTs
  • horizonal CVD
  • melamine
  • vermiculite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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