Extending Symbolic Convergence Theory: A Shared Identity Perspective of a Team’s Culture

Alaina Zanin, Carrisa S. Hoelscher, Michael W. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This study addresses theoretical and contextual weaknesses of symbolic convergence theory (SCT) through a fantasy theme analysis of a life enrichment group (i.e., an all-female club rugby team). By using a variety of data sources, including group social media posts, participant observation, and interviews, the authors found two concurrent rhetorical visions present within this group: belong and triumph. These visions were created through member chaining of fantasy themes. In contrast with current assumptions of SCT, results indicated several tensions within concurrent fantasy themes and the two rhetorical visions. Theoretical and pragmatic implications for transferability and application of symbolic convergence and fantasy themes in other life enrichment groups are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-472
Number of pages35
JournalSmall Group Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • fantasy theme analysis
  • life enrichment group
  • symbolic convergence theory
  • team cohesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Extending Symbolic Convergence Theory: A Shared Identity Perspective of a Team’s Culture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this