Extended harmonics based phase tracking for synchronous rectification in CLLC converters

Arun Sankar, Ayan Mallik, Alireza Khaligh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Synchronous rectification (SR) is one of the well-known methods to reduce the conduction losses by replacing the power diodes. The control of SR requires the phase information of the device current. In this paper, a novel extended harmonics approximation modeling approach is introduced for CLLC resonant converters to estimate the phase of its secondary side current accurately. Conventionally, the first harmonic approximation (FHA) is used to model any resonant converter; however, FHA works more accurately near the resonant frequency operation. But in case of a set of unmatched LC tank parameters in the primary and secondary side of a CLLC converter, there is no uniquely defined resonant frequency, which reduces the accuracy of the FHA model. Unlike FHA-based approach, our proposed modeling considers the effects of other odd order harmonics present in the square wave voltage waveform towards determining the zero-crossing instant or phase information of the resonant currents. The proposed concept is verified through experimental results obtained at 3.3-kW load condition, and the converter efficiency is improved by 1.8% with the proposed phase tracking technique, compared to FHA modeling approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8500739
Pages (from-to)6592-6603
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • CLLC
  • extended harmonic modeling
  • first harmonic approximation (FHA)
  • resonant converter
  • synchronous rectification (SR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Extended harmonics based phase tracking for synchronous rectification in CLLC converters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this