Exercise-induced improvement in vasodilatory function accompanies increased insulin sensitivity in obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus

Elena De Filippis, Kenneth Cusi, Gloria Ocampo, Rachele Berria, Susan Buck, Agostino Consoli, Lawrence J. Mandarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


Objective: The present study was undertaken to determine whether improved vasodilatory function accompanies increased insulin sensitivity in overweight, insulin-resistant subjects (OW) and type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) who participated in an 8-wk exercise training regimen. Design: Before and after training, subjects had euglycemic clamps to determine insulin sensitivity. Brachial artery catheterization was done on another occasion for measurement of vasodilatory function. A lean, healthy, untrained group was studied as nonexercised controls. Results: Training increased oxygen consumption (VO 2) peak [OW, 29 ± 1 to 37 ± 4 ml/kg fat-free mass (FFM)·min; T2DM, 33 ± 2 to 43 ± 3 ml/kg FFM·min; P < 0.05] and improved insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (OW, 6.5 ± 0.5 to 7.2 ± 0.4 mg/kg FFM·min; T2DM, 3.8 ± 0.3 to 4.2 ± 0.3 mg/kg FFM·min; P < 0.05) in insulin resistance. OW and T2DM, before training, had decreased acetylcholine chloride (ACh)- and sodium nitroprusside-mediated vasodilation and decreased reactive hyperemia compared with lean controls. Training increased the vasodilatory response to ACh [OW (30 μg ACh/min), 12.2 ± 3.4 to 19 ± 4.2 ml/100 g·min; T2DM (30 μg ACh/min), 10.1 ± 1.5 to 14.2 ± 2.1 ml/100 g·min; P < 0.05] in both groups without affecting nitroprusside response. Conclusion: Because vasodilatory dysfunction has been postulated to contribute to insulin resistance, the exercise-induced improvement in vasodilatory function may signify changes in the endothelium that could contribute to the improvement in insulin sensitivity observed after aerobic exercise training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4903-4910
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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