Exceptional electro-optic properties through molecular design and controlled self-assembly

Alex Jen, Jingdong Luo, Tae Dong Kim, Baoquan Chen, Sei Hum Jang, Jae Wook Kang, Neil M. Tucker, Steven Hau, Yanqing Tian, Jae Won Ka, Marnie Haller, Yi Liao, Bruce Robinson, Larry Dalton, Warren Herman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

31 Scopus citations


Recent breakthroughs in developing exceptional organic electro-optic (EO) materials are reviewed. Whole series of guest-host polymers furnished with high μβ chromophores have shown large electro-optic coefficients around 100-160 pm/V @ 1.31 μm. Moreover, new generation of NLO chromophores based on pyrroline and pyrrolizine acceptors have been designed and synthesized. To go beyond the typical oriented gas model limit for poled polymers, new approach of using nanoscale architecture control and supramoleaular self-assembly has been proved as a very effective method to create a new paradigm for materials with very exciting properties. The approaches of employing Diels-Alder reactions for postfunctionalization and lattice hardening also provide a facile and reliable way to generate high-performance EO polymers and dendrimers. This type of "click" chemistry paves the way to systematically study the relationships between chromophore shape and number density, controlled self-assembly, in addition to provide the material properties needed for multi-layer device fabrication. Finally, a new generation of binary monolithic glasses has been developed that exhibit unprecedented high EO activities through careful manipulation of intricate supramolecular interactive forces for self-assembly. The results obtained from these poled binary organic glass materials (r 33 as high as 310 pm/V at 1.31μm) are the highest values ever reported which are >10 times of the commercial lithium niobate crystals. The success of these material developments has recently inspired the exploration of new device concepts trying to take full advantage of the organic EO materials with ultrahigh r 33 values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsM. Eich
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventLinear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials V - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2005Aug 4 2005


OtherLinear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials V
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Chromophore
  • Click chemistry
  • Dendrimers
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Organic electro-optic materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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