Examining the influences of air quality in China's cities using multi-scale geographically weighted regression

A. Stewart Fotheringham, Han Yue, Ziqi Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


This study evaluates the influences of air pollution in China using a recently proposed model—multi-scale geographically weighted regression (MGWR). First, we review previous research on the determinants of air quality. Then, we explain the MGWR model, together with two global models: ordinary least squares (OLS) and OLS containing a spatial lag variable (OLSL) and a commonly used local model: geographically weighted regression (GWR). To detect and account for any variation of the spatial autocorrelation of air pollution over space, we construct two extra local models which we call GWR with lagged dependent variable (GWRL) and MGWR with lagged dependent variable (MGWRL) by including the lagged form of the dependent variable in the GWR model and the MGWR model, respectively. The performances of these six models are comprehensively examined and the MGWR and MGWRL models outperform the two global models as well as the GWR and GWRL models. MGWRL is the most accurate model in terms of replicating the observed air quality index (AQI) values and removing residual dependency. The superiority of the MGWR framework over the GWR framework is demonstrated—GWR can only produce a single optimized bandwidth, while MGWR provides covariate-specific optimized bandwidths which indicate the different spatial scales that different processes operate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1444-1464
Number of pages21
JournalTransactions in GIS
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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