Evidence against a charge density wave on Bi(111)

T. K. Kim, J. Wells, C. Kirkegaard, Z. Li, S. V. Hoffmann, J. E. Gayone, I. Fernandez-Torrente, P. Häberle, J. I. Pascual, K. T. Moore, A. J. Schwartz, H. He, John Spence, K. H. Downing, S. Lazar, F. D. Tichelaar, S. V. Borisenko, M. Knupfer, Ph Hofmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The Bi(111) surface was studied by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) in order to verify the existence of a recently proposed surface charge-density wave (CDW) [Ch. R. Ast and H. Höchst, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 016403 (2003)]. The STM and TEM results do not support a CDW scenario at low temperatures. Furthermore, the quasiparticle interference pattern observed in STM confirms the spin-orbit split character of the surface states which prevents the formation of a CDW, even in the case of good nesting. The dispersion of the electronic states observed with ARPES agrees well with earlier findings. In particular, the Fermi contour of the electron pocket at the center of the surface Brillouin zone is found to have a hexagonal shape. However, no gap opening or other signatures of a CDW phase transition can be found in the temperature-dependent data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number085440
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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