Evaluating performance, degradation, and release behavior of a nanoform pigmented coating after natural and accelerated weathering

Ronald S. Lankone, Emmanuel Ruggiero, David G. Goodwin, Klaus Vilsmeier, Philipp Mueller, Sorin Pulbere, Katie Challis, Yuqiang Bi, Paul Westerhoff, James Ranville, D. Howard Fairbrother, Li Piin Sung, Wendel Wohlleben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Pigments with nanoscale dimensions are added to exterior coatings to achieve desirable color and gloss properties. The present study compared the performance, degradation, and release behavior of an acrylic coating that was pigmented by a nanoform of Cu-phthalocyanine after both natural (i.e., outdoor) and accelerated weathering. Samples were weathered outdoors in three geographically distinct locations across the United States (Arizona, Colorado, Maryland) continuously for 15 months. Identically prepared samples were also artificially weathered under accelerated conditions (increased ultraviolet (UV) light intensity and elevated temperatures) for three months, in one-month increments. After exposure, both sets of samples were characterized with color, gloss, and infrared spectroscopy measurements, and selectively with surface roughness measurements. Results indicated that UV-driven coating oxidation was the principal degradation pathway for both natural and accelerated weathering samples, with accelerated weathering leading to an increased rate of oxidation without altering the fundamental degradation pathway. The inclusion of the nanoform pigment reduced the rate of coating oxidation, via UV absorption by the pigment, leading to improved coating integrity compared to non-pigmented samples. Release measurements collected during natural weathering studies indicated there was never a period of weathering, in any location, that led to copper material release above background copper measurements. Lab-based release experiments performed on samples weathered naturally and under accelerated conditions found that the release of degraded coating material after each type of exposure was diminished by the inclusion of the nanoform pigment. Release measurements also indicated that the nanoform pigment remained embedded within the coating and did not release after weathering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100199
StatePublished - Jan 2020


  • Coating photodegradation
  • NanoRelease protocol
  • Release
  • Weathering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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