Ethnic-Racial Identity Developmental Trajectories Across the Transition to College

Michael R. Sladek, Michaela S. Gusman, Leah D. Doane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


There is limited longitudinal research examining multiple ethnic-racial identity (ERI) components from adolescence into young adulthood. The current study modeled Latino adolescents’ ERI trajectories across the college transition (N = 206; Mage = 18.10 years, SD = 0.41; 65.0% female). Longitudinal data from a survey administered on five occasions across 3 years were analyzed using multilevel growth modeling. Prior to college, Latino heritage culture orientation was positively associated with ERI exploration and resolution. ERI exploration increased over time. ERI resolution was high with no average change; Latino heritage culture orientation predicted variability in resolution over time. Before college, male-identifying youth reported higher ERI public regard from teachers/professors compared to female-identifying youth. Public regard increased to a greater extent for female compared to male adolescents. The findings join evidence for lifespan and intersectional models of ERI development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-898
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of youth and adolescence
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • Adolescents
  • College
  • Cultural orientation
  • Ethnic-Racial identity
  • Gender
  • Latino

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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