Equilibration of ring-cluster surface phases and suicide islands for Co adsorbed on Si(111)

R. J. Phaneuf, Peter Bennett, M. Marsi, S. Günther, L. Gregoratti, L. Casalis, M. Kiskinova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We have used scanning photoemission microscopy (SPEM) and low energy electron microscopy (LEEM) to investigate the equilibration of the submonolayer surface phases and suicide islands formed in the reactive system Co-Si(111). Real-time LEEM images of the surface during annealing show an irreversible conversion of the close-packed, ordered (√7× √7) 'ring-cluster' phase, into a lower density, disordered '(1×1)' ring-cluster structure, which occurs surrounding the suicide islands. SPEM images and microscopically resolved photoemission spectra show directly that the islands are CoSi2 and that they draw Co away from the nearby surface, resulting in the formation of the lower coverage phase. LEEM observations during extended annealing of the '(1×1)'-RC phase in the presence of these islands indicate a further depletion of the '(1×1)'-RC phase and the eventual formation of the (7×7) reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalSurface Science
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jul 1 1999


  • Cobalt
  • Low energy electron microscopy (LEEM)
  • Silicon
  • Suicides
  • Surface chemical reactions
  • Surface diffusion
  • Synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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