Environmental Governance and Shifts in Canadian Biofuel Production and Innovation

Peter Kedron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Canada's adoption of international climate commitments, national emissions standards, and incentive programs drove expansion of biofuel production using available first-generation technologies in feedstock-rich regions. Market saturation and the emergence of second-generation technologies shifted government support away from first-generation technologies, placing pressure on regional production clusters. This article analyzes how Canadian biofuel firms restructured their value-chain activities in response to those technological and policy changes. The ability to access technologies and navigate multiscalar policy contexts shapes restructuring. Geographic patterns of cellulosic innovation are identified, and the role of firms and policy in regional industrial reorganization is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-395
Number of pages11
JournalProfessional Geographer
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • cellulosic biofuel
  • environmental governance
  • geography of transitions
  • innovation
  • renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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