Entre convictions et science: Théorie de la culture mondiale et education comparée

Translated title of the contribution: Between faith and science: World culture theory and comparative education

Stephen Carney, Jeremy Rappleye, Iveta Silova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


World culture theory seeks to explain an apparent convergence of education through a neoinstitutionalist lens, seeing global rationalization in education as driven by the logic of science and the myth of progress. While critics have challenged these assumptions by focusing on local manifestations of world-level tendencies, such critique is comfortably accommodated within world culture theory. We approach the debate from a fresh perspective by examining its ideological foundations. We also highlight its shift from notions of myth and enactment toward advocacy for particular models, and we show that world culture theory can become normative, while obscuring our view of policy convergence. Finally, we critique the methods and evidence in world culture research. We argue that such research, while failing to support its own claims, actually produces world culture, as its assumptions and parameters create the very image of consensus and homogeneity that world culture theorists expect scholars to accept-in faith-as empirically grounded.

Translated title of the contributionBetween faith and science: World culture theory and comparative education
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)366-393
Number of pages28
JournalComparative Education Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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