Enhancements to modeling dry fabrics for impact analysis

A. Deivanayagam, A. Vaidya, Subramaniam Rajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The focus of this paper is on improving the modeling of dry fabric-based systems widely used in propulsion engine containment systems. Simulations of fabrics under impact using finite elements (FEs) provide valuable insight into the mechanics of fabric behavior and its energy absorption characteristics. In this model, the fabric is treated as an equivalent continuum model composed of thin shell elements. The fabric is made of simple weave Kevlar49, whose behavior is characterized using uniaxial quasi-static and high-strain rate tension tests, picture frame tests, and friction tests. The methodology is general enough to be used with any dry fabric. Test results are used to determine the parameters used in the constitutive and FE models. The constitutive model is programmed as a user-defined material model. Details and results from FE simulations of a suite of 26 high-velocity ballistic test results are presented. Results show that the developed model provides very reasonable predictive capabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Aerospace Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2014


  • Aerospace engineering
  • Composite materials
  • Dynamic analysis
  • Finite-element method (FEM)
  • Impact loads
  • Nonlinear analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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