Energetics of La2O3-HfO2-SiO2 glasses

Riham Michelle Morcos, Jean Tangeman, Sergey Ushakov, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A series of La2O3-HfO2-SiO2 glasses, approximately along the join 0.73SiO2-0.27(xHfO 2-(1-x)La2O3), 0<x<0.3), was prepared using containerless processing techniques (aerodynamic levitation combined with laser heating in oxygen). The enthalpy of formation and enthalpy of vitrification at 25°C were obtained from drop solution calorimetry of these glasses and appropriate crystalline compounds in a molten lead borate (2PbO-B2O3) solvent at 702°C. The enthalpy of formation from crystalline oxides was exothermic and became less exothermic with increasing HfO2 content. Heat contents were measured by transposed temperature drop calorimetry and depended linearly on the HfO2 content. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that both the onset glass transition and the onset crystallization temperature of these glasses increased with increasing HfO2 content. Upon slow cooling in air, the glasses crystallized to a mixture of baddeleyite, cristobalite, lanthanum disilicate, and hafnon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1088-1094
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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