Energetics and structure of the B-type solid solution in the Nd2O3–Y2O3 system

Ramandeep Mandia, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The system Nd2O3–Y2O3 contains solid-solution phases with several different structures. Single-phase B-type (Nd1−xYx)2O3 solid solutions in the range of (Formula presented.) were formed at 1873 K and retained on cooling to ambient temperature. They showed a linear composition dependence of lattice parameters, enabling extrapolation to x = 0 and 1 for comparison with the structures of the stable endmembers. A positive enthalpy of formation from A-type Nd2O3 and C-type Y2O3 determined using oxide melt solution calorimetry indicated entropic stabilization of the B-type phase. A positive interaction parameter for mixing in the B-type solid solution, Ω (Formula presented.) 47.46 ± 4.04 kJ/mol, was obtained by fitting the data using a regular solution model. This value is significantly more positive than that obtained by previous phase diagram analysis using the CalPhaD approach. Exsolution into two B-type phases is predicted to occur below 1427 K, making it unimportant for the equilibrium phase relations that will be dominated by other structures at low temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5843-5852
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • oxides
  • rare earths
  • thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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