Emotional response to vibrothermal stimuli

Yatiraj Shetty, Shubham Mehta, Diep Tran, Bhavica Soni, Troy McDaniel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Emotional response to haptic stimuli is a widely researched topic, but the combination of vibrotactile and thermal stimuli requires more attention. The purpose of this study is to investigate emotional response to vibrothermal stimulation by combining spatiotemporal vibrotactile stimulus with dynamic thermal stimulus (hot or cold). The vibrotactile and thermal stimuli were produced using the Haptic Chair and the Embr wave thermal bracelet, respectively. The results show that spatiotemporal vibrotactile patterns and their duration, and dynamic thermal stimulation, have an independent effect on the emotional response. Increasing duration generally increases the valence and arousal of emotional response. Shifting the dynamic temperature from cold to hot generally decreases the valence of emotional response but has no significant effect on arousal. Nevertheless, certain spatiotemporal patterns do exhibit unique responses to changes in dynamic temperature, although no interaction effects were found. The results show the potential of designing affective haptic interfaces using multimodal vibrothermal feedback.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8905
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021


  • Affective haptics
  • Emotional response
  • Spatiotemporal
  • Thermal stimulus
  • Vibrotactile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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