Elemental distribution and charge collection at the nanoscale on perovskite solar cells

Michael Stuckelberger, Tara Nietzold, Genevieve N. Hall, Bradley West, Jeremie Werner, Bjoern Niesen, Christophe Ballif, Volker Rose, David P. Fenning, Mariana Bertoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Unveiling the correlation between elemental composition, fermi-level splitting, and charge collection in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) exposed to different environments is crucial to understanding the origin of defects. This will enable defect engineering to achieve high performing and long lasting perovskite solar cells. In this contribution we measured for the first time the spatial distribution and charge collection efficiency at the nano-scale by synchrotron-based x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and x-ray beam induced current (XBIC) with sub-grain resolution, and we observe a correlation between Pb/I ratio and charge collection efficiency. In contrast to other thin-film solar cells, perovskite solar cells are highly sensitive to ambient conditions (atmosphere and illumination). As the XRF and XBIC measurements were conducted in vacuum under an x-ray source illumination, the impact of measurement conditions on the measurements need to be taken into account. Furthermore, necessary conditions for quantification of XRF/XBIC measurements are not fulfilled for perovskite solar cells. Therefore, we will discuss fundamentals of XRF/XBIC measurements of perovskite solar cells that will enable reliable quantitative, high-resolution measurements of elemental distribution and charge collection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509056057
StatePublished - 2017
Event44th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2017 - Washington, United States
Duration: Jun 25 2017Jun 30 2017

Publication series

Name2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2017


Other44th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Charge collection
  • Perovskite
  • Solar cell
  • XBIC
  • XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Elemental distribution and charge collection at the nanoscale on perovskite solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this