We report here a novel bioelectrode based on self-assembled multilayers of polyphenol oxidase intercalated with cationic polyallylamine built up on a thiol-modified gold surface. We use an immobilization strategy previously described by Hodak J. et al. (Langmuir 1997, 13, 2708-2716) Quartz crystal microbalance with electroacustic impedance experiments were carried oat to follow quantitatively the multilayer film formation. The response of the self-assembly polyphenol oxidase-polyallylamine electrodes toward different metabolically related catecholamines was studied, to evaluate enzyme kinetics. For the analyzed compounds, only dopamine and its metabolite Dopac gave catalytic currents at applied potential close to 0 V. These responses were proportional to the number of polyphenol oxidase-immobilized layers and were also controlled by the enzymatic reaction. The combination of microgravimetric and electrochemical techniques allowed us to determine the kinetic enzymatic constants, showing that the decomposition rate for the enzyme-substrate complex is slower than the enzymatic reoxidation step.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry