The role played by two major constituents in a room temperature vulcanized (RTV) silicone rubber coating, namely, the inorganic alumina trihydrate (ATH) filler and the silicone polymer, on the coating's electrical performance was examined. The principal variable in the RTV silicone rubber coatings evaluated was the different weight fraction of the silicone polymer and ATH inorganic filler normally used for improving the tracking and erosion resistance. Other formulation details were essentially the same in the cured rubber. The coatings were spray coated on glazed porcelain rods and subjected to accelerated aging in a salt fog chamber. The changes produced by accelerated aging on the contamination withstand capability, leakage current suppression and erosion resistance were determined and correlated with the ratio of polymer to inorganic filler in the coating. It is shown that critical aspects of electrical performance necessary for satisfactory service operation such as contamination withstand capability before flashover and leakage current suppression are superior for the coating with a relatively high ratio of polymer to inorganic filler in comparison to the coatings with a relatively low ratio of polymer to inorganic filler. While all the coatings showed a high erosion resistance under mild discharge activity, the erosion resistance was found to be superior for the formulations with high inorganic filler under conditions of intensive surface discharge activity.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
|Published - 1996
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering