Effects of Category Prototypes on Performance-Rating Accuracy

Angelo J. Kinicki, Peter Hom, Melanie R. Trost, Kim J. Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Two studies examined whether the accessibility of performance prototypes influences performance appraisals. Pilot studies revealed students used performance prototypes when rating instructor performance. Study 1 manipulated the accessibility of these prototypes and the time delay of performance ratings. Results showed no effect of the prime on rating error and accuracy; however, discrimination accuracy decreased over time and recognition bias became more conservative. Study 2 manipulated prototype accessibility and type of rating stimuli (videotape vs. vignette). Rating accuracy and recall were higher for vignette than videotape stimuli, and only those participants exposed to the vignette exhibited priming effects. Results supported transfer-appropriate processing and implied that cognitive primes may have a stronger effect on performance ratings based on "paper-people" than videotaped stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-370
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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