Effect of water on the high-pressure structural behavior of anorthite-diopside eutectic glass

Wesley Helwig, Emmanuel Soignard, James Tyburczy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We employed in situ high pressure Raman spectroscopy to examine structural variations in hydrous versus anhydrous aluminosilicate glasses as a function of pressure. Raman spectra of anhydrous and water-saturated (6.7 wt% H2O) eutectic anorthite – diopside (An-Di) glasses were collected at pressures up to 10 GPa in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Both glasses exhibited a distinct change in compression mechanism at about 2.5 GPa. From 0 to 2.5 GPa each glass depolymerizes. Above 2.5 GPa the anhydrous glass becomes less polymerized, whereas the hydrous glass becomes more polymerized as pressure is increased up to 10 GPa. These differences are explained in terms of Al-coordination and formation of triclusters. For the dry glass, at pressures below 2.5 GPa, depolymerization occurs by means of tricluster (OT3) formation in which bridging oxygens (BO) become triply coordinated to a third network forming cation, preferentially IVAl, thereby increasing the coordination to VAl. At pressures > 2.5 GPa compression induced coordination to non-bridging oxygens (NBO) causes tetrahedral IVAl to become highly coordinated V,VIAl. Network modifying cations (Ca and Mg) coordinated to NBO at ambient conditions become charge-balancing cations for V,VIAl at elevated pressure, resulting in decreased polymerization. For the wet glass, compression up to 2.5 GPa causes protons in H2O to depolymerize Al tetrahedra into Al-OH. At pressures > 2.5 GPa most of the highly coordinated Al is present as VIAl and network polymerization increases with the formation of M-OH (M = Ca, Mg) groups that enable Si-O-Si bonds (BO). Bulk modulus measurements support increased polymerization with the wet glass (K0 = 16 ± 2GPa) shown to be more compressible than the dry glass (K0 = 52 ± 5 GPa).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-319
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
StatePublished - Nov 15 2016


  • Aluminum coordination
  • Anorthite-diopside glass
  • Glass structure
  • High pressure
  • Polymerization
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Triclusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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