Effect of tribal language use on colorectal cancer screening among American Indians

Angela A. Gonzales, Eva Garroutte, Thanh G.N. Ton, Jack Goldberg, Dedra Buchwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


American Indians have one of the lowest colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates for any racial/ethnic group in the U.S., yet reasons for their low screening participation are poorly understood. We examine whether tribal language use is associated with knowledge and use of CRC screening in a community-based sample of American Indians. Using logistic regression to estimate the association between tribal language use and CRC test knowledge and receipt we found participants speaking primarily English were no more aware of CRC screening tests than those speaking primarily a tribal language (OR = 1.16 [0.29, 4.63]). Participants who spoke only a tribal language at home (OR = 1.09 [0.30, 4.00]) and those who spoke both a tribal language and English (OR = 1.74 [0.62, 4.88]) also showed comparable odds of receipt of CRC screening. Study findings failed to support the concept that use of a tribal language is a barrier to CRC screening among American Indians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)975-982
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • American Indians
  • Cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Culture
  • Language
  • Native americans
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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