Effect of traffic roundabouts on accident rate and severity in Arizona

Michael Mamlouk, Beshoy Souliman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Although roundabouts have been used at many locations around the world, the safety of roundabouts under different conditions has not been fully understood. In this study, 17 roundabouts in five cities in Arizona were evaluated, out of which 11 are single lane and six are double lane. Most of the intersections of single-lane roundabouts were controlled by two-way stop signs before roundabout conversion, whereas most of the intersections of double-lane roundabouts were controlled by traffic signals. Accident data were collected and broken down into five categories: damage without injury, minor injury, nonincapacitating injury, incapacitating injury, and fatality. Equal number of years were used before and after the roundabout conversion at each location. The average rates of accidents, damages without injury, injuries and fatalities per year and per million vehicles were evaluated. It was found that single-lane roundabouts reduced the accident rate, whereas double-lane roundabouts increased the accident rate. The results also showed that single- and double-lane roundabout conversions reduced the severity levels of accidents. Considering accident rate and severity level, warrants need to be developed for roundabout conversion and number of roundabout lanes under different traffic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-442
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Transportation Safety and Security
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 4 2019


  • crash data
  • infrastructure design
  • operation
  • roundabouts
  • traffic injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Safety Research


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