Effect of increased greenhouse gas concentration on mean, extreme, and timing of precipitation over Arizona (USA)

Matei Georgescu, Ashley Mark Broadbent, Robert C. Balling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We use a combination of a regional climate model (RCM) and a global climate model (GCM) to explore potential changes to the complex precipitation regime in the semi-arid and arid state of Arizona in the American Southwest. The RCM output for the contemporary period (2000–2009) compares well with a gridded precipitation dataset with respect to seasonality, amount, intensity, and diurnal patterns. Output from the GCM forced by the continued buildup of greenhouse gases was dynamically downscaled by the RCM for the period 2090–2099. Results indicate an increase in winter precipitation of 1–2 mm day−1 in the mountainous areas of the state with somewhat smaller increases for the summer and fall seasons; negligible changes were projected for spring precipitation. Extreme precipitation is projected to increase across much of the state in winter (10–30 mm day−1) and to a lesser extent in spring. Our results indicate an increase in the 99th percentile of winter season precipitation. However, we note there is substantial seasonal dependency: statewide-averaged winter season precipitation is projected to undergo greater frequency of wet than dry extreme events, whereas the statewide-averaged summer, fall, and spring seasons, broadly demonstrate an equal likelihood of increased and decreased extreme precipitation. While the RCM captured the unusual observed night-time maximum in summer rainfall in the centre of the state, our results do not indicate any change in the diurnal character or sub-diurnal duration (6–18 hr) of precipitation over the next 100 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3776-3792
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 15 2022


  • Arizona
  • WRF
  • extreme precipitation
  • global climate change
  • mesoscale modeling
  • precipitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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