Effect of anisotropy on compressive and tensile properties of asphalt mixtures

Michael Mamlouk, Matthew W. Witczak, Kamil Kaloush, Yow Shi Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The research effort in this paper was part of the Superpave Support and Performance Models Management Project (Advanced Material Characterization) and was funded by the National Cooperative Highway Research Program Project 9-19. Anisotropy of hot mix asphalt materials greatly depends on specimen preparation, testing conditions, and test parameters under consideration. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anisotropy of selected test properties for specimens specially prepared with the Superpave gyratory compactor and cored in the vertical, horizontal, and diagonal directions. The number of gyrations during compaction was adjusted on a trial-and-error basis to produce cores having air void contents of 4.0 ± 0.5% regardless of the direction of coring. Confined compression and tension tests were performed on the cored test specimens. The analysis included parameters such as the compressive / tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and strain at failure. All test results were analyzed statistically. The majority of the test results (compression and tension) showed no significant effect of test specimen orientation on the test parameters at the 5% level of significance and for the test conditions used in the study. These results indicated that anisotropic effects might be ignored for the asphalt mixture used in this study using the special preparation method in the Superpave gyratory compactor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-438
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Testing and Evaluation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2002


  • Anisotropy
  • Asphalt mixtures
  • Compression test
  • Tension test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of anisotropy on compressive and tensile properties of asphalt mixtures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this