Effect of Al2O3/SiO2 ratio on the viscosity and structure of slags

Junlin Liao, Yingyi Zhang, Seetharaman Sridhar, Xidong Wang, Zuotai Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


The present paper investigates how the mass ratio between Al 2O3 and SiO2 (mAl2O 3/mSiO2) in slag compositions influences the structure, viscosity and crystallization of the slag melts. The objective is to study the variations in viscosity and structure of slags with increasing mAl 2O3/mSiO2 ratio. In practice the results of the study are relevant to the significant changes in slag property caused by the changes in chemical composition during continuous casting of steels containing high amounts of dissolved aluminum. The viscosity was found to decrease slightly with increasing mAl2O3/mSiO2 ratio up to 0.56. The degree of polymerization for [SiO4]-tetrahedra was found to decrease with increasing mAl2O3/mSiO2 ratio based on the Fourier Transformation-Infrared Spectra (FT-IR) and Raman spectra, which could explain the observed decrease in viscosity. AtmAl2O 3/mSiO2 ratios above 0.56, the viscosity was found to abruptly increase which could be caused by the presence of spinel crystals. The activity coefficient was computed and it was found that the activity coefficient of alumina presents negative deviation when mAl2O 3/mSiO2 ratio is less than 0.35, while it shows a positive deviation when mAl2O3/mSiO2 ratio exceeds 0.35. This phenomenon may be related to the change of the primary phase region correlating to the phase diagram to the slag composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-758
Number of pages6
JournalISIJ International
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Activity
  • Structure
  • TRIP steel
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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