Edible and Nutritive Electronics: Materials, Fabrications, Components, and Applications

Yingzhu Wu, Dongdong Ye, Yingfa Shan, Shuohai He, Ziyue Su, Jiahao Liang, Jinren Zheng, Zihang Yang, Haokai Yang, Wenwen Xu, Hanqing Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The emerging novel edible and nutritive electronics indicate an important advance in ingestible and implantable electronics, covering multiple disciplines such as biomedicine, electronics, and nutriology. This review focuses on the feasibility and critical technical problems of fabricating fully edible and nutritive electronics. Recently, a limited number of fully edible and nutritive electronics, operating single functions, have been applied to monitor the condition of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and diagnose its disorders. However, fully edible, nutritive, miniaturized, and well-functioning electronics with multiple functions are challenging to fabricate. The toxicity of materials used in edible electronics is controllable. The lifetime of edible electronics can be predicted by theoretical and empirical models, and can be tuned by integration strategies. The discipline of edible and nutritive electronics is still in its infancy. In the future, many novel edible materials, integration strategies, and advanced biosensing and wirelessly communicating technologies may be applied to sensing target biomarkers. A more realistic GI tract simulator will be widely used to evaluate the various properties of edible and nutritive electronics rapidly during the process of degradation in the GI tract. Finally, the ethical and legal issues of edible and nutritive electronics will attract more attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000100
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020


  • bioabsorbable electronics
  • conductive biomaterials
  • diagnostics and therapy
  • edible and nutritive electronics
  • gastrointestinal tract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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