Early childhood human capital and development

Todd Schoellman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


A growing literature stresses the importance of early childhood human capital. I ask whether variation in early childhood investments can help explain cross-country income differences. I provide new empirical evidence: the adult outcomes of refugees are independent of age at arrival to the United States up to age six, despite dramatic improvements in income and environment upon arrival. A standard model is consistent with this finding if parents but not country are important for early childhood development. This finding limits the mechanisms for generating cross-country early childhood human capital differences. I also provide suggestive evidence on parental inputs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-174
Number of pages30
JournalAmerican Economic Journal: Macroeconomics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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